Ebb and flow systems and the drip system can be used in combination with a substrate. Most nutrient solutions designed for recirculating systems assume that an inert substrate is used. An inert substrate is a substrate that does not withdraw nutrients from the nutrient solution, nor does it add them. This does not mean it will not affect the pH of the medium, rock wool is an example of an inert medium that does not affect the EC but does raise the pH level. Soil is not an inert substrate, as soil contains nutrients that, if they are also in the nutrient solution, would result in an excess of certain elements.
Coco has the opposite effect, withdrawing certain elements from the nutrient solution. If a recirculating nutrient is used in combination with this substrate, it will result in a nutrient deficiency. Clay, perlite and rockwool are examples of inert substrates. These substrates do not contain any nutrients, nor do they withdraw them from the nutrient solution.
SUBSTRA is a perfect nutrient that has been used successfully on recirculating systems. Now AQUA has been introduced, a nutrient that has several advantages in cultivation on recirculating systems. The pH of AQUA should not need to be adjusted during the plant’s growing phase if the pH is initially set at 5.2. The pH will stay between 5.2 and 6.2. The graph on page 5 shows the convincing results of several extensive research initiatives preformed by the CANNA Research Department. Also the AQUA range has a special nutrient formulation that makes sure there will be no nutrient residues in the end product when used on recirculating systems.
CANNA AQUA has been specially developed for use on recirculating systems, and its composition is such that the pH remains stable over prolonged periods of time. In addition, CANNA AQUA contains Silicates, humic and fulvic acids, and algae extracts that lead to even better performance. CANNA nutrients have a biotropic effect. They are absorbed naturally by the plant’s biological system and ensure the best possible balance and increased resistance in the plant’s cells.
In the initial phase of growth, the basic components are laid for an exuberant bloom and yield. Healthy and strong growth is characterized by vital growth spurts and mass root development. Aqua Vega has been specially developed to meet the plant’s need perfectly. Full absorption of nutrients and water penetration directly from the start of growth are made possible by Aqua Vega’s large quantities of directly absorbable, high quality, nitrogen elements, top quality EDDHA iron chelates and trace elements.
IIn the plant’s exuberant blooming phase, it is vitally important that all necessary nutrients are available directly and in the right quantities. Aqua Flores stimulates the growth of fruits and contains all the necessary elements required during the blooming phase. For example, the plant requires less nitrogen during the blooming phase, however, the need for potassium and phosphorous is greater. Aqua Flores is rich in these elements and special chelates of trace elements that allow direct absorption resulting in a perfect bloom.
CANNA AQUA allows the cultivator to include the exact quantities of nutrients in the growth and blooming phases of fast growing plants. Other CANNA products, such as RHIZOTONIC (e.g. root development, stress relief), CANNAZYM (e.g. healthy root environment) and PK 13-14 (e.g. stimulating flowering) give additional support during various specific phases of the plant’s development. Combined with these CANNA products, the plant can optimally focus on growing and blooming, guaranteeing high yields.